Dr. Tatjana Potpara (Belgrade, Serbia) explains the management considerations in patients with a recent stroke or with a recurrent stroke. Dr. Douglas Packer (Rochester, USA) talks about the CABANA trial. This trial, which is still including patients aims to look beyond AF recurrence. Its comparing the impact of ablation vs drug therapy on mortality, stroke, hospitalization, quality of life and cost of care. Dr. Torben B. Larsen, (Aalborg, Denmark) explores on the management of difficult patients such as the elderly who are for instance cognitively impaired or falling.